Showing posts with label refractometry. Show all posts
Showing posts with label refractometry. Show all posts

Precision in Production: How Carl Vossberg Jr.'s Refractometers Changed Industrial Measurement

How Carl Vossberg Jr.'s Refractometers Changed Industrial Measurement

Carl A. Vossberg Jr., an American electrical engineer, inventor, and entrepreneur, significantly contributed to refractometry by developing inline process refractometers. Vossberg held over 30 technical patents on refractometry, measurement, and control. His innovations have profoundly impacted various industries, including pulp and paper, food, and chemical processing.

Vossberg founded Electron-Machine Corporation in 1946, initially focusing on electronic gaging and indicating equipment. The company's early focus on custom engineering solutions gradually shifted towards developing and refining inline process refractometers. These devices continuously measure the refractive index of fluids flowing through pipes or tanks, providing critical data for real-time process control. This technology became essential for maintaining consistent product quality and optimizing production processes across multiple industries.

The inline process refractometers introduced by Vossberg have found practical applications in industries where precise concentration measurements are crucial. For instance, in the pulp and paper industry, these refractometers aid in the energy recovery from black liquor by accurately measuring solids. In the food industry, they are used to measure dissolved solids like sugar, denoted in degrees Brix, ensuring the consistency and quality of products. Similarly, in the pharmaceutical sector, these instruments are critical in monitoring and controlling concentration levels during crystallization processes, a key step in manufacturing various medications. These practical applications underscore the significant impact of Vossberg's innovations on these industries.

The introduction and refinement of inline process refractometers by Carl Vossberg Jr. and his company have not only enhanced industrial process control but also contributed to cost savings and improved efficiency. These technologies have significantly reduced the variation in product concentration and increased the reliability of measurements in challenging industrial environments, providing reassurance about the robustness of these innovations.

Electron Machine Corporation
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Refractometers for Food and Beverage Processing

Refractometers commonly used to detect sugar levels and properties of jams juices, beverages, dairy products and much more.

Electron Machine Corporation developed the first in-line process refractometer more than 50 years ago when orange juice was first concentrated. Since that time, their refractometers have been successfully applied on many more applications including the production of sucrose, fructose, dextrose, soft drinks, fruit juices, dairy, apple sauce, jams, jellies, beer, wine, coffee, tea, vegetable oils, tomato paste, ice cream and honey.

With an extremely durable Sapphire prism as its foundation, the Electron Machine MPR E-Scan combines accurate measurements with ruggedized components in the sensing head combining for years of of dependable and accurate service in harsh food production environments.

What is Refraction?

diagram 1 refraction
Diagram 1
Light rays travel through space in a straight line at approximately 300,000 km/s. As light passes through a transparent medium, such as water or glass, its speed is decreased.

For glass, its reduced to 200,000 kilometers per second, and for water the speed is 225,000 kilometers per second.

If the light enters into a medium perpendicular to the surface, it passes straight through but at a slower speed. However if the light beam arrives at the medium surface at an angle, not only will it speed be reduced, but it will bend due to a process called refraction.

To better visualize this phenomenon let's look at Diagram 1. As a beam of light reaches the surface of a medium the lower portion enters first and is slow down. However, the upper portion is still traveling at the speed of light until it arrives at the surface and enters.
This speed difference at the top and bottom aspects of the light path causes it to pivot, bending toward what is referred to as the normal. This is an imaginary line drawn perpendicularly to the surface of the material.
Transparent materials have what is called a refractive index. This is the speed at which light travels in a medium compared to like traveling in a vacuum.
For example, typical glass has a refractive index of 1.33. This is calculated by dividing the speed of light in a vacuum (300,000 km/s) by the speed of light in glass (225,000 km/s).
The refractive index of air is 1.0003. Anytime a light beam travels from a medium with a low index of refraction, like air, to a medium with a higher index of refraction, like glass, the beam of light will bend toward the normal.
Likewise when the beam of light exits a highly refractive medium into a medium with the low index of refraction, the process is reversed.
The bottom portion of the beam of light exits first, and resumes at the speed of light, with the top portion still at the speed determined by the medium. This causes the beam to pivot away from the normal line.

Applying Process Refractometers in Sugar Cane Processing

sugar cane and refined white sugar
Raw and final product of sugar refining
Sugar cane, after harvesting, requires processing within a limited time window to avoid sugar loss by inversion to glucose and fructose. The traditional two stage process, milling and processing, may be combined in a single modern production facility. Process refractometers can be found in both operations, making an optical measurement of a solution’s refractive index used to determine the concentration of dissolved solids.

To achieve high quality liquid and crystal sugars and contain production cost, refractometers are employed to deliver accurate in-line Brix and other measurements in the cane sugar refining and milling processes. 

Specific uses of refractometers in sugar production are:
  • Product flow adaptation to evaporator capacity to achieve energy savings.
  • Extraction process optimization, minimizing the use of water that will need to be removed at the evaporator.
  • Separation column feed juice control to adjust concentration to match capacity.
  • Quality assurance check on liquid bulk sugar and molasses.
  • Vacuum pan automatic and accurate seeding.
  • Monitor supersaturation over complete strike of crystallization.
Share your refractometry challenges and applications with the experts at Electron Machine Corporation for effective solutions.

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